The National Society of Natural-Born Citizens of the United States


     I recently had the good fortune to be invited to an event outside Boulder, Colorado.  Since I had recently been to New Mexico and had visited Glorieta Pass, the Civil War's Gettysburg of the west, and had seen the Santa Fe Trail as it entered New Mexico along the Cimarron Route; I decided to travel from Kansas City following the Santa Fe Trail through southern Kansas.

     On the return east I traveled the Lincoln Highway, Route 30, the first intercontinental highway, through Nebraska and Iowa.  I did take a short side trip into Wyoming to Casper, a point where emigrant travelers on the Oregon Trail, the Mormon Trail and the California Trail all stopped to rest a bit before proceeding on to their final destination.  I went into South Dakota to see Mount Rushmore and the Crazy Horse Memorial before dropping down to Nebraska. 

     I tried to stop at every Historical Marker in each State I traveled, always stopping at any point of interest, meaning local museums and old town's Veteran Memorials to sons and daughters killed in the various wars our nation has been involved.  Finding a cemetery out in the middle of a corn field with no houses for miles is a place of interest I stop at.

     It would be a good idea to see a television episode of the Virginian before you see the actual hotel used in the series in Medicine Bow, Wyoming.  When I stopped at the Wyoming Welcome Center upon entering into Wyoming, I was presented with the perfect example to show the differences between the Constitution of the State of Wyoming and the Constitution of the United States.

     The Welcome Center has the following information proudly displayed;

First Woman Voter

Wyoming women were the first in the country granted the right to vote when Wyoming Territorial Governor John Allen Campbell signed a landmark bill in 1869 that also conferred the right to hold public office.  The first female vote in the U.S. general election was cast September 6, 1870, by 69-year-old Louisa Gardner Swain, described as a "gentle, white-haired housewife."  Herman Glafcke, then Secretary of Wyoming Territory, watched as a 78-year-old woman was the first female voter at the Cheyenne polling place.  He recollected, "That men took off their hats and remained uncovered, while she performed the sovereign duty of an American citizen."


     Another section read;

First Woman Governor

Another female first for Wyoming was Nellie Tayloe Ross, the first elected woman inaugurated as governor of a U.S. state.  During her tenure from 1925 to 1927, she advocated banking reform, Prohibition, and laws protecting children, women workers, and miners.  Tayloe Ross went on to national politics, receiving 31 votes as a vice presidential nominee at the 1928 Democratic National Convention.  She did not gain the nomination but later served as vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee and director of the DNC Women's Division.  In 1933 she became the first female director of the U.S. Mint where she served five full terms

     While the Territory and State of Wyoming has every right to provide eligibility for the female to vote in State elections, the State cannot provide eligibility for females to vote in national elections or to hold and position in either of the Houses of Congress where the first requirement of membership is Manhood.

     The Supreme Court was to rule in 1875 in the case Minor v. Happersett, 88U.S.162, that females had not gained that right of suffrage by the Constitution or the Fourteenth Amendment. 

     In this condition of the law in respect to suffrage in the several States it cannot for a moment be doubted that if it had been intended to make all citizens of the United States voters, the framers of the Constitution would not have left it to implication.  So important a change in the condition of citizenship as it actually existed, if intended, would have been expressly declared.  Our province is to decide what the law is, not to declare what it should be.  If the law is wrong, it ought to be changed; but the power for that is not with us.  Being unanimously of the opinion that the Constitution of the United States does not confer the right of suffrage upon any one, and that the constitutions and laws of the several States which commit that important trust to men alone are not necessarily void, we affirm the judgment.      


     What the Supreme Court clearly said is that by not declaring within the Constitution that females would be eligible to vote, it should not be taken as implied.  Because this is a matter of such importance and contrary to the norm in all State Constitutions, they would have expressed that privilege within the Constitution specifically.  Females are not expressly permitted to hold a seat in the Legislature the way females are expressly permitted to hold seats in the Legislature in the State of Wyoming.  It would have been stated within the Constitution had the intent been to provide females that privilege.  Knowing the intent was to form two distinct bodies of men with the first requirement being Manhood; females would have been excluded by this intent. 


     The President, referred to as "He," has power by the Constitution to nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: 


     The same reasoning applied to this clause as not expressly stating that females would be eligible for any appointed position; especially on the Supreme Court when females were not educated in law.  It is contrary to the norm of the period when females were not eligible in any State to hold appointed positions in the Government and Courts and cannot be considered as implied.


     Females were finally provided with law to the right of a female citizen to vote by the Nineteenth Amendment ratified August 1920.  The Amendment reads;

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex

     Females were now provided with law to vote in National elections.  Prior to August 1920, females were not eligible to vote in National elections under the Constitution.

     Females were not provided with Law permitting females to the Legislature or any appointed position where the Advice and Consent of the Senate in necessary.  The intent of this process was to provide the President with the power to nominate but it was up to the Senate to reject any nominee who did not qualify due to being female.  While a single male can be persuaded by female charms to nominate her, the Senate of many men would be able to withstand her seductive powers.

       The House was seduced first by the pacifist female, Jeannette Rankin, elected from the State of Montana.  Montana, in violation of a Supreme Court ruling that females were not provided with law to suffrage in National elections, allowed females to vote in a National election and provided certificates of election for her to a position she or any other female was not provided with Law to hold. 

    Ms. Rankin was provided a seat in the House in April 1917, three years before females were provided law to vote in National elections.  It would be roughly forty-five years after the Supreme Court said they did not have the power to change the Law.  That power is held by Congress and the States to propose and the people to ratify.  Violating the law is criminal.  Changing the law is lawful. 

     The Senate was presented with the opportunity to reject a female appointed to fill a vacant seat from the State of Georgia.  But, rather than upholding the oath they swore to uphold the Constitution, they voted to accept her as a member.  87-year-old Rebecca Latimer Felton took a seat that she and every other female did not have Law providing them that privilege. 

     That is the difference between the Constitution of Wyoming and the Constitution of the United States.  A female in the Wyoming State Legislature is allowed by Law in the Wyoming Constitution.  A female in the Legislature of the United States does not have Law by the United States Constitution.  One is within the Law.  One is without the Law.  Only by amending the Constitution will the Government of the United States be within the Law. 

     To follow the intent of the men who put together the Constitution you should read my book A Guide to the Formation of the Constitution.

Richard Carl Shellhorn